Urinary Tract Infection
About 150 million people are diagnosed with UTI each year. A urinary tract infection is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract. UTIs occur most commonly between the ages of 16-35. They occur more often in women than men. Risk factors include being female, sexual intercourse, obesity, diabetes and family history.
Symptoms include pain with urination, frequent urination, feeling the need to urinate despite having an empty bladder, fever, flank pain, and less commonly bloody urine.
Positive urine culture confirm diagnosis. The most common cause of infection is Escherichia coli.
Treatment in uncomplicated cases includes a short course of antibiotics. In complicated cases, intravenous antibiotics may be required.
Among other things, UTIs can sometimes be prevented by staying well hydrated with water, avoiding long intervals between urination, and urinating immediately after sexual intercourse. Patients with recurrent urinary tract infections should be evaluated by a urologist.